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Discover the spectacular pyramids in Mexico: amazing Mayan and Aztec pyramids near Mexico City
CHICHEN ITZA, TEOTIHUACAN, AND UXMAL ARE SOME OF THE PLACES WHERE YOU WILL FIND THE FASCINATING AZTEC PYRAMIDS, MAYAN PYRAMIDS, OR OTHERS THAT ARE A PART OF THE HISTORY OF THESE ANCIENTS CITIES.
Everything you need to know about these impressively built pyramids.
Pyramids in Mexico are silent witnesses of incalculable archaeological, cultural and historical value; synonymous with the wisdom, perfection, mysticism, and genius of the first settlers in the country.
Throughout Mexico, pre-Hispanic ancestors settled in ancient cities and left a unique legacy to human beings through pyramids built with different styles of architecture. To this day, they are visited by millions of tourists a year.
Mayan pyramids, the Aztec pyramids, Toltecs pyramids, or the Zapotec pyramids are amazing for all the cultural and religious richness that these wonders of the world contain: being built to perfection, despite the limitations of the time.
Three of the pyramids located in Mexico are considered some of the largest and most impressive pyramids in the entire world. They are: the Toniná pyramid in Chiapas, considered the largest in Mesoamerica; the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacán; and finally, the Great Pyramid of Cholula which even has a Guinness Record.
Which are the most famous pyramids in Mexico?
Among the enigmatic pyramids of Teotihuacán, the Pyramid of the Sun stands out. It was built in honor of the rain god Tlaloc. In addition to being the largest in this archaeological zone and the main pyramid in the area, it is also the third largest pyramid in the world, after the Cholula Pyramid in Mexico and the Cheops Pyramid in Egypt.
Another magnificent structure in the city of Teotihuacán is the Pyramid of the Moon. Although its dimensions are smaller compared to the Pyramid of the Sun, it amazes every visitor with its beauty.
Also worth mentioning is the pyramid of Quetzácoatl, or feathered serpent.
Teotihuacán is also famous for the mysticism of the Avenue of the Dead. It is a road where 80 bases or constructions typical of Mesoamerican ceremonial centers, and several tombs, are held.
Although the fall of Teotihuacán occurred around 650 d. C., and much of the city was looted and burned, this archaeological zone continues to amaze, so much so that from Mexico City you can find a popular day trip or tour to visit Teotihuacán and so on from the bustling city to take a breather with a flavor of history.
Temple of Kukulcan, Chichen Itzá
The Temple or Castle of Kukulcán, also known as El Castillo, is located in the archaeological site of Chichén Itzá in the state of Yucatán. It is considered one of the new seven wonders of the world.
It was built in the 12th century by the Mayan civilization to worship and honor the feathered serpent Kukulcán.
The symbolisms this pyramid holds are amazing and its structure is even more so. Suffice it to mention that its 365 steps correspond to the same number of days in the Mayan calendar. The way the reflection of sunlight on the pyramid during the equinox simulates a snake that descends down the steps of the Chichen Itza Castle to earth is amazing, attracting millions of Mexicans and foreigners every year.
Pyramid of the Diviner, Uxmal
For any tourist or adventurer, being able to visit the Pyramid of the Fortune Teller and reach the top of the pyramid to enjoy the landscape in all its splendor is an amazing experience.
These Mayan ruins are one of the most visited destinations for their beauty and quite curious history. According to legend, the Pyramid of the Magician was built in a single night. It’s hard to believe so, though, since it has 5 magnificent structures from different eras.
Pyramid of the Niches, El Tajin
One of the most spectacular pyramids in Mexico, it is located in El Tajín, Veracruz and receives its name from the 365 niches distributed in the seven floors of the structure, which represent the days of the year.
This archaeological zone is one of the most important tourist destinations in Mexico, having been the largest city in the Gulf of Mexico as well as being part of an important Totonac town.
Great Pyramid of Cholula
The Great Pyramid of Cholula in Puebla (Tlachihualtepetl in Nahuatl language) is the largest pyramid in the world, although not the highest. It stands 180 feet above the surrounding plain and is 1,480 by 1,480 feet in extent.
This pyramid was built in honor of the god Quetzalcoatl. Interestingly enough, it does not consist of a single pyramid but instead of seven superimposed pyramids, at the top of which sits an imposing church.
Inside the pyramid, excavations have been carried out and some tunnels have been located, where interesting inscriptions and pre-Hispanic murals have been found, such as the “Mural of the Pulque Drinkers”, which attest to the tradition of drinking this drink since the times of our ancestors.
Pyramids of Monte Alban
Located in the state of Oaxaca, in a mountain exactly where the Great Central Plaza of Monte Albán used to be. It was a ceremonial site and now it has become archaeological ruins with incomplete pyramids, but with a great history of what was an important Zapotec and Mesoamerican city.
Nohoch Mul Pyramid, Coba
The Nohoch Mul Pyramid in the city of Cobá in Yucatan is the second tallest pyramid in the Mayan world.
In its upper section is the Temple of the Descending God, surrounded by the jungle of the Yucatan. The area was left without population, half-ruined, and covered in plants until archaeologists from the last century found it again, making it into a tourist attraction.
Temple of the Inscriptions, Palenque
The Temple of the Inscriptions in Chiapas was built during the rule of the Mayan king Pakal to glorify his life and have a refuge after his death. It has extraordinary cultural value for its hieroglyphic texts and stucco reliefs on the pillars of the building that have been analyzed by experts for hundreds of years.
The “House of the Nine Sharp Spears”, as it was known by the Mayans, is the largest construction in the Palenque area. As it is located inside the jungle, it is believed that there are many structures that are yet to be discovered and exhibited to tourists.
The Calakmul pyramid is a magnificent construction surrounded by vegetation. In 1982, excavation work was carried out, becoming the discovery one of the most significant vestiges of the Mayan culture.
The Toniná Pyramid is the highest in Mexico and America as it stands at 246 feet tall. Its name means “big house” for a reason. It is very valuable as a cultural heritage, since almost 300 hieroglyphics inscribed in various structures of the Mayan culture have been found inside.
Well, you already know: travel to Mexico to live up close, get excited to vibrate with Mexican culture and these wonderful pyramids.